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John Wayne

Why John Wayne Made Rio Bravo As A Response To High Noon

Here’s why John Wayne made his 1959 Western Rio Bravo as a response to High Noon. From his screen breakthrough with 1939’s Stagecoach to his final role as a terminally-ill gunfighter in 1976’s The Shootist, Wayne’s screen persona is inexorably tied to Westerns. He starred in some of the most famous examples of the genre, including The Searchers and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.
Another classic of his is Rio Bravo – which later became an unofficial trilogy. This sees Wayne’s sheriff Chance tasked with holding on to a prisoner while he and his motley team of men are besieged by hired guns. The film often features on lists of the greatest Westerns of all time, and is a favorite of both Quentin Tarantino and John Carpenter, with the latter’s Assault On Precinct 13 being heavily inspired by it. For those paying attention to Rio Bravo’s story, they’ll spot many parallels with another famous Western: 1952’s High Noon.
This Fred Zimmerman-helmed revisionist Western cast Gary Cooper as Marshal Will Kane, who is set to retire with his new Quaker wife Amy (Grace Kelly) when he learns an outlaw he put away is coming back to town. Despite repeatedly trying to enlist the help of the townsfolk, they shun Cooper’s – who is heavily referenced in Landscapers – Kane and he’s left alone to face a gang of killers. In contrast to other Westerns of the era, High Noon is a stripped-back thriller that takes place in real-time and isn’t afraid to portray the fear and disillusionment of its protagonist. The film was also a bitter comment on the Hollywood blacklisting of the era – which earned it Wayne’s wrath for several reasons.
Wayne Felt High Noon Was “Un-American”

Gary Cooper dressed as a cowboy in High Noon

During the time High Noon was produced, the House Committee of Un-American Activities – which investigated allegations of alleged communist activity in the U.S. – had taken a particular interest in Hollywood and the messaging placed in movies. The careers of many filmmakers were heavily impacted or outright destroyed during this era of the Cold War because if they were called before the committee and refused to “name names” of those with suspected communist ties, they were effectively blacklisted. Leading this charge within the industry was the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals (AKA the MPA), which featured mostly conservative members who wished to defend the business from those with communist or fascist sympathies.
The MPA counted Wayne, Clark Gable, Ronald Reagan, John Ford and even Gary Cooper among its ranks. Wayne himself served as President of the MPA for four years and rejected the lead in High Noon because of its political subtext. In addition to Wayne (who appeared in 80 Westerns throughout his career) finding the material “Un-American” – being particularly offended that Kane would run around begging for help while the townsfolk also refused to come to his aid – he was upset by the last scene of the Marshal throwing away his badge when the showdown was done. The movie’s screenwriter Carl Foreman had also been a member of the Communist Party USA for several years and later declined to provide names to the HUAC when called as a witness.
This led to his blacklisting from the industry and a drastic downplaying of his role in the production. Wayne would later take pride in his part in this, stating in his 1971 Playboy interview he didn’t regret having “… helped run Foreman out of the country.” Despite his hatred of High Noon, he still accepted an Oscar on close friend Cooper’s behalf for the film, when the latter was unable to attend the ceremony. Wayne – who was nicknamed “Duke” – and director Howard Hawks later reteamed to make Rio Bravo, which saw the former’s tough sheriff never asking for help or doubting his duty. Rio Bravo also had a more optimistic view of the Old West, as plenty of people come to Chance’s aid regardless. Both High Noon and Rio Bravo are classics in their own right, even if their views of America are coming from opposite viewpoints.

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John Wayne

John Wayne Once Revealed His Favorite Western Scene He Ever Filmed

John Wayne is known as the gritty, rugged cowboy who will go to any length, including putting his own life at risk, to save his town or those he loves. Though his catalog isn’t wall-to-wall action films, the movies for which he’s best known involve shootouts, chasing outlaws on horseback, and plenty of high-stakes stunts.

Surprisingly, however, the scene The Duke calls his best involves neither a galloping steed nor a deadly gun battle. In fact, it breaks from his typically unwavering machismo entirely. Rather than a brave defense of the Alamo or a passionate sequence with a love interest, John Wayne’s favorite scene is a melancholy-filled moment in True Grit (1969).

In the film, a 62-year-old Wayne plays Rooster Cogburn, a one-eyed federal marshal who’s let himself go. The Duke’s favorite scene is a rare one for a John Wayne character. During a stakeout, Cogburn opens up about his failed marriage, his relationship with his son, and his days making ends meet as a bank robber. In that moment, all the stoic roughness melts away and is replaced by a touching wistfulness.

For John Wayne, the break from his typical strapping cowboy persona was welcome. “It’s sure as hell my first decent role in 20 years,” he said of True Grit in an interview with Roger Ebert. “And my first chance to play a character role instead of John Wayne. Ordinarily, they just stand me there and run everybody up against me.”

John Wayne Once Described Creating the Western Genre

The Western genre can’t be discussed without mentioning The Duke. The original cowboys, John Wayne and Clint Eastwood, changed the face of cinema forever, shaping Westerns as we know them today. For Wayne, that was something for which he felt an immense amount of pride. Even in 1969, he knew that he had built a legacy that would last forever.

“I’m very conscious that people criticize Hollywood,” Wayne explained to Roger Ebert. “Yet we’ve created a form, the Western, that can be understood in every country. The good guys against the bad guys. No nuances. And the horse is the best vehicle of action in our medium. You take action, a scene, and scenery, and cut them together, and you never miss. Action, scene, scenery.”

“When you think about the Western…ones I’ve made, for example,” he continued. “Stagecoach, Red River, The Searchers, a picture named Hondo had a little depth to it…it’s an American art form. It represents what this country is about.”

“In True Grit, for example, that scene where Rooster shoots the rat. That was a kind of reference to today’s problems. Oh, not that True Grit has a message or anything. But that scene was about less accommodation, and more justice.”

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John Wayne

John Wayne Pushed Through a Severe Injury to Ensure ‘The Train Robbers’ Premiered on Schedule

John Wayne is known around the world as one of the most iconic cowboys of all time. Decades after his death, John Wayne continues to be praised for his nearly 200 unforgettable appearances in film and television. And though his larger-than-life presence, good looks, and husky voice took him far in Hollywood, it was his commitment to his films that led to John Wayne playing such a large role in cinema history.

The Duke began his career in 1926. As time went on, the stoic superstar developed a reputation as a stunt man. Many of his Westerns involved action-heavy scenes, and the technology to make stunt work easier to fake didn’t yet exist. As such, many legendary John Wayne films were extremely physically demanding.

Hiring a stunt man was an option used by many in Hollywood. But The Duke refused. Instead, he insisted on doing his stunts himself. Though this was an admirable step to take, it led to many injuries for Wayne throughout his career.

The audience knew that the hero would win in the end, but reaching victory often involved getting punched, kicked, shot, and stabbed along the way. He was even blown up and crushed by a bulldozer (on separate occasions, of course).

John Wayne Filmed ‘The Train Robbers’ With Broken Ribs

Perhaps the most horrifying injury of John Wayne’s career occurred on the set of the 1973 Western The Train Robbers. In the film, Wayne plays the starring role of Lane, the leader of a group of cowboys hunting down a dastardly train robber.

According to the John Wayne biography entitled Duke by Ronald L. Davis, The Duke broke two ribs mere days before filming began on The Train Robbers. As Wayne was an irreplaceable star, the injury led to a rearranging of the film. Rather than focusing on high-speed chases and deadly battles between cowboys and outlaws, The Train Robbers honed in on dialogue and character building.

That said, it was still a Western, and every Western needs a certain amount of action. For The Duke, it was essential that “the action scenes looked believable”. Wayne was so committed to his scenes that he flat-out refused to work around his injury. “He wasn’t a crybaby,” his wife Pilar Wayne told The LA Times. “He could tolerate pain.”

And tolerate pain, he did. John Wayne pushed through the broken ribs, determined to keep the film as close to the original script as possible. While filming, he was clearly limited with his movements and he appeared somewhat ill on set.

On-screen, however, no one could tell the difference. The Duke still gave a fantastic performance. Three years later, his Hollywood career came to an end, but John Wayne will always be remembered as the tough-as-nails actor he truly was.

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John Wayne

Original Cast of John Wayne’s ‘The Cowboys’ to Celebrate Film’s 50th Anniversary With The Duke’s Family

The career of John Wayne is one of the most revered in all of American filmmaking regardless of genre. Even long after his death, his unmatched contributions to the Western film genre are still a thing of legend.

John Wayne: An American Experience, The Cowboy Channel, Stockyards Heritage, and Hotel Drover have partnered up with the members of the cast of The Cowboys and Wayne’s family. Together, they will host a celebratory festival in honor of the 50th anniversary of the fan-favorite film. The official John Wayne Instagram page announced the event by paying tribute to one of Wayne’s many iconic moments.

“In honor of the 50th Anniversary of The Cowboys, celebrate with members of the original cast & the Wayne family June 24, 25, & 26 in the Fort Worth Stockyards! For a list of events and tickets, head to”

The 1972 film is based on the book of the same name by William Dale Jennings. Wayne stars alongside Roscoe Lee Browne, Slim Pickens, Colleen Dewhurst, and Bruce Dern. The Cowboys tells the story of a down on his luck rancher being forced to hire a group of inexperienced cowboys to get his herd to market on time. It’s one of Wayne’s most enduring films with his performance often regarded as one of his best.

The Cowboys Still Holds A Special Place in Hearts of Film Fans

Fans of the film will no doubt be thrilled by the opportunity to hear directly from the people who worked and lived alongside Wayne during the making of the classic film. One member of the cast, A Martinez who played Cimarron, took to his own Instagram account to post a message about his experience shooting The Cowboys for its 50th anniversary.

“It was a thrill and an honor to be a part of this project,” said Martinez in his post. “A haunting, timeless theme, adapted from the novel by William Dale Jennings, brilliantly directed by Rydell. With gorgeous cinematography by Bob Surtees, an indelible score by John Williams –– and a great performance by John Wayne –– the power of #TheCowboys abides.”

The 3-day celebration includes outdoor screenings after sunset on the Livestock Exchange lawn all three nights. Fans will have meet and greet opportunities with 9 members of the cast. Then, A live televised film panel with a studio audience will film at The Cowboy Channel Studio Sunday night. In addition, there will be special installations and reception at John Wayne: An American Experience, a sprawling 10,000 square foot exhibit providing an intimate look at the life of The Duke.

Any fan of John Wayne who can make it to Fort Worth, Texas for this celebration of a beloved piece of Wayne’s filmography should purchase tickets as soon as possible. Relive the memories of this classic film alongside cast members and Wayne’s family with the special event.

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